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Natural Disasters, Communal Conflict and the Role of Local Political Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The paper explores the relationship between flood disasters, local governance and communal conflict on a subnational level. After reviewing contribution to the natural disasters and climate variability literature, I argue that the more likley social outcome in the aftermath of a flood disaster is communal clashes as opposed to civil or interstate conflict. I also claim that the flood-communal conflict relationship is contingent on environmental depenedency and quality of local political institutions. Socieites that largely rely on water resources and land for sustaining their livelihoods are more prone to experiencing economic shocks. Weak local government structures in a given administrative district are less capable and/or willing to mitigate and address grievnaces, emerging in the aftermath of livelihood reduction followed by natural disaster. To test this, I estimate a set of negative binomial models, using novel data on quality of local political institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2005 to 2008. In line with theoretical expectations, I find quite strong evidence that flood disasters are correlated with communal violence only for administrative districts that are environmentally dependent and governed by weak and corrupt local institutions. Conversely, I find that flood disasters have no signifircant effect on the riks of communal clashes in the presence of strong local governnace. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 60 p.
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-324993DiVA: diva2:1112563
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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