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Varieties of education and inequality: how the institutions of education and political economy condition inequality
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala Center for Labor Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3026-3779
2017 (English)In: Socio-Economic Review, ISSN 1475-1461, E-ISSN 1475-147XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the relationship between equality of educational opportunity and equality of income in different institutional contexts. By combining insights from the literature on Varieties of Capitalism and education sociology, the study investigates how the educational system and the political economy jointly affect the social stratification of educational choices and condition income differentials between graduates of vocational and general education programmes. The empirical analysis contributes to the literature by contrasting the two conceptions of equality and applying a richer institutional approach than previous studies within the fields of education sociology and Varieties of Capitalism.

 

The results reveal that tracking hinders equality of educational opportunity but is also related to higher incomes for vocational education graduates in certain contexts. Wage bargaining coordination reinforces the more equal opportunities of weakly tracked contexts and improves the relative income of vocational graduates in these contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
Keyword [en]
varieties of capitalism, coordination, skills, education, equality
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-325108DOI: 10.1093/ser/mwx007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-325108DiVA: diva2:1113085
Projects
Education, stratification and reform - Educational institutions in comparative perspective (PhD thesis)
Available from: 2017-06-21 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-10-31
In thesis
1. Education, Stratification and Reform: Educational Institutions in Comparative Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education, Stratification and Reform: Educational Institutions in Comparative Perspective
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main argument of this thesis is that research has to take the institutional character of education seriously. Educational institutions carry considerable weight for outcomes of education and their design is a matter of intense political debate. This work focuses in particular on the institution of tracking that has wide-reaching consequences for the structure of education. The thesis consists of an introductory essay, together with three empirical essays. The empirical essays all acknowledge the main argument but study different outcomes and relationships connected to education. Essay I studies how the institutions of political economy and education together affect equality of income and equality of educational opportunity. This essay contributes to the literature by distinguishing the effects of the different institutions of political economy and education, as well as how they interact to affect the two contrasting conceptions of equality. The results reveal that tracking hinders equality of educational opportunity but is also related to better incomes for vocational education graduates in certain institutional settings. Wage bargaining coordination reinforces the more equal educational opportunities of weakly tracked contexts and improves the relative income of vocational graduates in these contexts. Essay II explores how education and tracking affect social trust. It makes two contributions. First, the empirical approach provides strong support for causal inference. Second, it is the first study to consider how tracking affects social trust. The empirical evidence finds no general effect of educational attainment on social trust, but decreasing tracking has a positive effect on social trust for individuals who come from weakly educated backgrounds. Essay III aims to explain cross-country differences in tracking by focusing on the impact of government partisanship. The study contributes to the literature by being the first comparative study to explore how partisan politics may explain differences in tracking and being one of few comparative studies there are on the topic at all. The results show that tracking is strongly related to a dominance of Christian democratic governments, whereas detracking reforms have mainly been carried out by social democratic governments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 46 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 147
Keyword
Detracking, Education, Educational institutions, Educational inequalities, Education policy, Educational reform, Educational systems, Equality, Political economy, Political Parties, Social Trust, Tracking, Vocational education, Vocational training, Varieties of Capitalism
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332622 (URN)978-91-513-0143-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-15, Brusewitzsalen, Östra Ågatan 19, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-10-31 Last updated: 2017-11-23

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