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Sources of Heterogeneity in Developmental Outcomes of Children With Past and Current Experiences of Institutionalization in Russia: A Four-Group Comparison
Wayne State Univ, Dept Commun Sci & Disorders, Detroit, MI 48202 USA.;Yale Univ, Ctr Child Study, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
Yale Univ, Ctr Child Study, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
SUNY Upstate Med Univ, Dept Pediat, Syracuse, NY 13210 USA..
Yale Univ, Ctr Child Study, New Haven, CT 06520 USA..
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2017 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 87, no 3, 242-255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study sought to compare 4 groups of age-and gender-matched children-(a) those reared in institutions for children without parental care in Russia; (b) those raised by their biological parents in Russia; (c) those adopted to the United States from Russian institutions; and (d) those born in the United States and raised by their biological parents-on indicators of cognition, language, and early learning. In addition, we aimed to compare the effects of the length of time spent in an institution, the age of initial placement in an institution, the age at adoption, and pre-institutional risk factors (i.e., prenatal substance exposure and prematurity and low birth weight) on the above-mentioned outcomes in the 2 groups of children with institutionalization experiences. Our results confirm previous reports demonstrating negative consequences of institutionalization and substantial ameliorating effects of adoption. They also underscore the complexity of the effects of institutionalization and adoption, showing that they are intertwined with the effects of pre-institutional risk factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC , 2017. Vol. 87, no 3, 242-255 p.
Keyword [en]
international adoption, cognitive development, language development, early learning, pre-institutionalization risk
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323502DOI: 10.1037/ort0000146ISI: 000401087500006PubMedID: 27078048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-323502DiVA: diva2:1113131
Available from: 2017-06-21 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-06-21Bibliographically approved

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Ruchkin, Vladislav V

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