uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Effect of Subsidizing Oral Contraceptives on the Sexual Risk Behavior of Women in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Subsidies of oral contraceptives reduce one of the major costs of sexual activity; unwanted pregnancies. Such subsidies are predicted to generate sexual risk behavior by increasing unprotected sexual activity, and therefore sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Using the theory of ex-ante moral hazard together with an instrumental variables regression, this paper evaluates the hypothesis that an increase in the use of subsidized oral contraceptives leads to an increase in sexually transmitted diseases, primarily chlamydia, among 20-24 year old women in all Swedish counties between 2000-2015. Sexually transmitted diseases is used as a proxy for sexual risk behavior. I find no statistically significant evidence of enhanced sexual risk behavior among 20-24 year old women in result of using oral contraceptives. Statistically significant and positive impacts are nonetheless found for the 20-29-age group. This could be due to an increased variation in the sample. Since 20-24 year old women are eligible for the subsidies, analysis on this age group is preferable. Therefore, this study is unable to find evidence of ex-ante moral hazard in response to a welfare reform aiming at reducing abortions and increasing the availability of contraceptive methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
oral contraceptive subsidies, ex-ante moral hazard, risk compensation, sexually transmitted diseases, chlamydia, sexual risk behavior, welfare reform, panel data, instrumental variables regression
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-326038DiVA, id: diva2:1118288
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-18 Created: 2017-06-30 Last updated: 2017-08-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

By organisation
Department of Economics
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 250 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf