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Information about first trimester screening and self-reported distress among pregnant women and partners - Comparing two methods of information giving in Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
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2017 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 96, no 10, p. 1243-1250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal design, based on questionnaire data from 380 expectant parents from four counties in Sweden. The measurement points; T1, before the information about PND was given and T2, two weeks after the prenatal screening or 15 weeks of gestation. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Swedish version of the Cambridge Worrying Scale (CWS) measured psychological distress. The Satisfaction with Genetic Counseling Scale (SCS) measured satisfaction with information about PND.

RESULTS: The rate of psychological distress was stable among the pregnant women, but decreased among their partners, after the information was received. General anxiety and the social-medical dimension of pregnancy-related worry decreased among the participants who received information, using the more distinct two-stage process (group A), but was unchanged in group B (less distinct two-stage process). Health-related worry decreased in both groups, whereas relational worry and level of depressive symptoms were unchanged in both groups.

CONCLUSION: Information about PND does not increase the psychological distress among expectant parents. A more distinct two-stage process of information giving might even decrease their anxiety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 96, no 10, p. 1243-1250
Keywords [en]
Prenatal diagnosis, anxiety, first trimester combined screening, informed choice, psychological distress, worry
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327076DOI: 10.1111/aogs.13195ISI: 000411689100013PubMedID: 28742930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-327076DiVA, id: diva2:1129277
Available from: 2017-08-02 Created: 2017-08-02 Last updated: 2017-12-15Bibliographically approved

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Nordin, Karin

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