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Fluid chemistry of the Palaeoproterozoic Fäboliden hypozonal orogenic gold deposit, northern Sweden: evidence from fluid inclusions
Luleå tekniska universitet, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
Stockholms Universitet.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences.
2007 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 129, no 3, p. 197-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new ore province, the Gold Line, southwest of the Skellefte District, northern Sweden, is currently under exploration. The largest known deposit in the Gold Line is the hypozonal Fäboliden orogenic gold deposit. The mineralization is hosted by arsenopyrite-bearing quartz veins, within a steep shear zone in amphibolite facies metagreywacke host rocks. Gold occur in fractures and as intergrowths in arsenopyrite-löllingite, and as free grains in the silicate matrix of the host rock. The hydrothermal mineral assemblage in the proximal alteration zone is diopside, calcic amphibole, biotite, and minor andalusite and tourmaline. Primary fluid inclusions in the Fäboliden quartz veins show a CO2-CH4 or a H2S (±CH4) composition (the latter recognized for the first time in a Swedish ore deposit). The primary fluid inclusions are associated with arsenopyrite-löllingite (+gold) and the CO2-CH4 fluid was also involved in precipitation of graphite. A prevalence of carbonic over aqueous fluid inclusions is characteristic for a number of hypozonal high-temperature orogenic gold deposits. The Fäboliden deposit, thus, shows fluid compositions similar to other hypozonal orogenic gold deposits. The proposed main mechanism for precipitation of gold from the fluids, is a mixing between H2S-rich and H2O?-CO2±CH4 fluids. Fluid inclusion data indicate arsenopyrite-löllingite and graphite deposition at a pressure condition of about 4 kbar. Graphite thermometry indicates maximum temperatures of 520-560°C for the hydrothermal alteration at Fäboliden, suggesting that at least the late stages of the mineralizing event took place shortly after peak-metamorphism in the area, i.e. at c. 1.80 Ga.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 129, no 3, p. 197-210
National Category
Geology
Research subject
Ore Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327473DOI: 10.1080/11035890701293197Local ID: c498b040-82d8-11dc-896e-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-327473DiVA: diva2:1130865
Note

Validerad; 2007; 20071025 (bark)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2017-08-11

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