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Post-deformation, sulphide-quartz vein hosted gold ore in the footwall alteration zone of the Palaeoproterozoic Långdal VHMS deposit, Skellefte District, northern Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences. Luleå tekniska universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3879-3897
Geological Survey of Sweden.
Geological Survey of Finland.
Boliden AB.
2002 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 124, no 4, p. 201-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Palaeoproterozoic, c. 1.88 Ga old Långdal VHMS deposit is situated in the eastern part of the Skellefte District, northern Sweden. In the stratigraphic footwall to the VHMS ore a sulphidequartz vein system with high gold grades was mined in the second half of the 1990’s. The Långdal VHMS ore is hosted by the uppermost part of the Skellefte Group volcanic rocks, close to the contact with an overlying fine-grained sedimentary unit. Regional structural studies indicate that bedding surfaces in volcanic rocks are parallel to the contact between the volcanic and the sedimentary rocks. Based on the differences in structural style on each side, the contact is interpreted as a major structural break. The Långdal ore is situated close to this break that may have focussed fluid flow during metamorphism and deformation. The orientation of the contact indicates that it either is a D2 structure or that it was at least active during D2. The structural development in the altered footwall rocks to the Långdal VHMS ore indicates that gold-bearing sulphide and sulphide-quartz veins both pre- and post-date the first deformation. Gold associated with the vein system can thus not only be attributed to syngenetic exhalative or replacement processes. The close spatial relationship with the massive sulphide deposits suggests, however, that the gold was remobilized from these syngenetic systems. It is concluded that sulphides were introduced at several stages during the geological evolution of the area as: a) syngenetic disseminations of sulphide and folded, pre-S1 stringer sulphide±quartz veins in the footwall related to the syngenetic VHMS deposit, b) syn-S1 sulphide veins in the footwall gold ore, c) main, post-S1, sulphide-quartz veins associated with the gold ore in the footwall rocks to the Långdal VHMS deposit, and d) post-S1 to pre-S2 galena and sphalerite rich veins post-dating the main, post-S1, sulphide-quartz vein system in the footwall to the Långdal ore. From these relationships it is suggested that gold was re-mobilized from the sulphide rich parts of the VHMS system into post-D1 structures during or slightly after the peak metamorphism. The timing of this event is poorly constrained to post-date the syngenetic ore emplacement by 20–80 m.y.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 124, no 4, p. 201-210
National Category
Geology
Research subject
Ore Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327889DOI: 10.1080/11035890201244201Local ID: 22844050-7b34-11db-8824-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-327889DiVA: diva2:1130903
Note

Validerad; 2002; 20061123 (bajo)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2017-08-11

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