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Palaeoproterozoic porphyry Cu-Au, intrusion-hosted Au and ultramafic Cu-Ni deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield: temporal constraints using U-Pb geochronology
Luleå tekniska universitet, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.
Lunds universitet.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences. Luleå tekniska universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3879-3897
Boliden Mineral AB.
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2013 (English)In: Lithos, ISSN 0024-4937, E-ISSN 1872-6143, Vol. 174, p. 236-254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Skellefte district, northern Sweden, is known for the occurrence of 1.89 Ga Palaeoproterozoic volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) deposits. The deposits are hosted by the older part of a volcanosedimentary succession, which was intruded at 1.88-1.86 Ga by multiple phases of the syn-volcanic, early orogenic Jörn intrusive complex (JIC). The oldest phase of the JIC hosts different styles of mineralisation, among them porphyry Cu-Mo-Au, intrusion-related Au, and mafic-hosted Fe and Cu-Ni deposits. To discriminate between the different intrusive and ore related events, U-Pb ages of zircons have been obtained for nine intrusive phases and from Na-Ca alteration spatially related to mineralisation, while U-Pb ages of baddeleyite (ZrO2) have been used to constrain intrusive ages of three mineralised and barren mafic-ultramafic intrusive rocks.The two main JIC intrusive phases of a granodioritic-tonalitic composition in the southern study area intruded at 1887 ± 3 Ma and 1886 ± 3 Ma, respectively, and were succeeded by the intrusion of layered mafic-ultramafic intrusive rocks in the northern and southern study area at 1879 ± 1 Ma and 1884 ± 2 Ma, respectively. Emplacement of porphyry dykes took place at ca. 1877 Ma in the southern, western and northern JIC. The dykes are spatially and temporally associated with formation of porphyry style mineralisation, alteration and Au-mineralisation, as inferred from 1879 ± 5 Ma zircons in adjacent Na-Ca alteration zones. High SiO2 and Al2O3 content together with high Sr/Y ratios, mingling structures, mafic xenoliths and hornblende phenocrysts in the porphyry dykes suggest that the magma originated from hydrated partial melts, possibly from the base of the crust at a mature stage of subduction. Local extension resulted in intrusion of mafic-ultramafic rocks around 1.88 Ga prior to and after, the porphyry dykes and associated mineralisation, approximately 10 Ma after the formation of the spatially related 1.89 Ga VMS deposits in the Skellefte district. This 1.88 Ga event correlates with other 1.88 Ga mafic-ultramafic units widespread around the world, and could possibly be interpreted as a large scale response to supercontinent formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 174, p. 236-254
National Category
Geology
Research subject
Ore Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327494DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.06.015Local ID: 931c7308-a1c8-4e4a-8794-efdb8d6463f5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-327494DiVA, id: diva2:1131110
Note

Validerad; 2013; 20120625 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2017-08-11

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