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A game of thrones: Organising and legitimising knowledge through PISA research
Inland Norway University of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, Sweden. (STEP)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. (STEP)
2017 (English)In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 869-884Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates knowledge structures and scientific communication using bibliometric methods to explore scientific knowledge production and dissemination. The aim is to develop knowledge about this growing field by investigating studies using international large-scale assessment (ILSA) data, with a specific focus on those using Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data. As international organisations use ILSA to measure, assess and compare the success of national education systems, it is important to study this specific knowledge to understand how it is organised and legitimised within research. The findings show an interchange of legitimisation, where major actors from the USA and other English-speaking and westernised countries determine the academic discourse. Important epistemic cultures for PISA research are identified: the most important of which are situated within psychology and education. These two research environments are epicentres created by patterns of the referrals to and referencing of articles framing the formulation of PISA knowledge. Finally, it is argued that this particular PISA research is self-referential and self-authorising, which raises questions about whether research accountability leads to 'a game of thrones', where rivalry going on within the scientific field concerning how and on what grounds 'facts' and 'truths' are constructed, as a continuing process with no obvious winner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 16, no 6, p. 869-884
Keywords [en]
International large-scale assessment, Programme for International Student Assessment, bibliometrics, construction of knowledge, intellectual organising
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327926DOI: 10.1177/1474904117715835ISI: 000414799800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-327926DiVA, id: diva2:1131165
Available from: 2017-08-12 Created: 2017-08-12 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Forsberg, Eva

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