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Risk-factors for Stress-related Absence Among Health Care Employees: A Bio-Psychosocial Perspective. Associations Between Self-rated Health, Working Conditions and Biological Stress Hormones.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Socialmedicin and Center for Environmental Illness and Stress Disorders, CEOS, Uppsala Academic Hospital.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Socialmedicin and Center for Environmental Illness and Stress Disorders, CEOS, Uppsala Academic Hospital.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Socialmedicin and Center for Environmental Illness and Stress Disorders, CEOS, Uppsala Academic Hospital.
2006 (English)In: Italian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1723-7807, Vol. 3, no 3-4, 53-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Stress is one of the major reasons for sickness absence and especially the health care sector appears to be at risk. This cross sectional study aimed to identify risk factors of absence due to self-reported stress among health care employees. Methods: 225 health care employees were categorized into two groups based on self-rated sickness absence for stress or not. Questionnaire data and stress sensitive hormones measurements were used. Results: Employees with stress related sick leave experienced their health, work satisfaction as well as their social- and home situation worse than employees without stress- related sick leave. No statistically significant differences were identified regarding stress-sensitive hormones. The risk for employees not satisfied at work to become absent due to stress compared to those with a sufficient work situation appears to be about three times higher (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.3 - 5.9). For those not satisfied with their social situation, the risk for being sickness absent appear to be somewhat higher (OR 3.2; CI 1.2 - 8.6).

Individual factors as recovery potential and meaning of life and work related factors as skill development and work tempo predicted employee’ s work satisfaction. Conclusion: Based on cross sectional data, work-site and individual factors as well as social situation appear to increase the risk for absence due to stress among health care employees. Lower recovery potential, higher work tempo and a worse leadership appeared to be related to the high degree of work related exhaustion among the employees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 3, no 3-4, 53-61 p.
Keyword [en]
sickness absence, working conditions, stress hormones, health care employees
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-85461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-85461DiVA: diva2:113369
Available from: 2007-08-09 Created: 2007-08-09 Last updated: 2011-01-11

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Hansson, Ann-SophieAnderzén, Ingrid

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