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Water flow, ecological dynamics, and management in the lower Limpopo Valley: a long‐term vie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9248-5516
Univ Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.
2017 (English)In: WIREs Water, ISSN 0935-879X, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, no 5, article id e1228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this contribution, we review long-term (millennial-decadal scale) river-flow changes, climate interactions, and interlinkage with vegetation dynamics, as well as society and policy, focusing on the lower Limpopo Valley (from the South African border through Mozambique). Drawing on paleoecological data, we address the valley's potential for defining critical ecological thresholds and managing an adaptive ecological landscape, by focusing on the dynamic relationship between different drivers (fire, hydrology, and grass/tree relationships). We briefly review the long-term interactions between water flow, climate variability, and society using archeological records and written sources. Lastly, we analyze the social and political context of water management, focusing on the last 100 years and transboundary water management. We also discuss planning and mitigation in relation to climate change and rainfall extremes that are projected to increase. It is stressed that forward-thinking policies must heed long-term climate variability, hydrology and biological and social impact and to plan and mitigate for environmental events. The discussion also brings to the fore the importance of an adaptable and equitable strategy in cross-border water sharing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 4, no 5, article id e1228
National Category
History and Archaeology Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Climate Research Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328201DOI: 10.1002/wat2.1228ISI: 000416379600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328201DiVA, id: diva2:1134413
Projects
Landscape transformation and socio-ecological Landscape transformation and socio-ecological management, Limopopo national park
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-1063Available from: 2017-08-18 Created: 2017-08-18 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved

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Ekblom, AnneliNotelid, Michel

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African and Comparative ArchaeologyUppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala
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History and ArchaeologyOther Earth and Related Environmental SciencesClimate ResearchHuman Geography

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