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Introducing the UCDP Peacemakers at Risk Dataset, Sub-Saharan Africa 1989-2009
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
(English)In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications.
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328672DiVA: diva2:1136805
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-08-29 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2017-08-31
In thesis
1. Keeping Peace while Under Fire: The Causes, Characteristics and Consequences of Violence against Peacekeepers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Keeping Peace while Under Fire: The Causes, Characteristics and Consequences of Violence against Peacekeepers
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Peacekeepers are widely viewed as being at growing risk of direct and deliberate violence. Attacks are recorded in many and diverse contexts, targeting interventions deployed by both the United Nations and other organisations. This dissertation seeks to advance the understanding of such violence, studying its causes, characteristics and consequences. The impact of deliberate violence against peacekeepers can be severe; it often extends past those immediately affected and impacts interveners’ ability to accomplish their aims. As a topic of scientific inquiry, however, violence against peacekeepers has only recently seen a growth in interest, and systematic study has so far been sparse. This dissertation makes a number of theoretical and empirical contributions to this emerging area of research. The dissertation contains four individual essays. To set the stage and provide foundations for further studies, Essay I specifies key concepts and maps the research field to date. It promotes a wider, and arguably more theoretically appropriate, conceptualisation of violence against peacekeepers than used in earlier studies. Essay II presents new, systematically collected event data on violence against UN and non-UN peacekeepers deployed to conflict-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa between 1989 and 2009. Patterns from the data demonstrate that, while widely prevalent, violence against peacekeepers is not ubiquitous to peacekeeping and displays considerable variation within and across interventions. Drawing on this novel data, Essay III provides one of the first systematic studies on the time-varying determinants of rebel attacks on peacekeepers, showing its occurrence to be closely linked to rebel performance on the battlefield. Finally, Essay IV explores how operating in a challenging security environment can affect peacekeepers’ ability to perform core mission functions, drawing on the case of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). The analysis illustrates how such an environment may expose and further constrain already limited capabilities and willingness for robust and armed action in UN peacekeeping operations. Taken together, the essays advance our understanding of the causes, characteristics and consequences of violence against peacekeepers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, 2017. 42 p.
Series
Report / Department of Peace and Conflict Research, ISSN 0566-8808 ; 114
Keyword
peacekeeping, violence, conflict-data, peace operations, sub-Saharan Africa, civil war, MINUSMA
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328675 (URN)978-91-506-2651-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-20, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-08-31 Last updated: 2017-09-29

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