Learning to Fly: The Progressive Development of Situation Awareness
2007 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
This paper investigates how situational awareness is constituted in the moment-to-moment interaction between a student learning to fly an airplane and her teacher, and how the student learns situational awareness, i.e. the ability to analyse a situation so as to provide ground for informed decisions about next actions. In the paper, a view of situational awareness as an interactional on-going accomplishment is proposed. The paper demonstrates how situational awareness is socially established and learned in briefing sessions, in flight lessons in the actual airplane, and in debriefing sessions. Learning is approached from within a conversation analytic (CA) perspective, building on prior CA research on the organisation of human interaction. The empirical material consists of video recordings of flight lessons. Three students were followed and recorded during a series of briefing sessions, flight lessons and debriefing sessions. The studied task concerns situational awareness in recovering from abnormal attitudes.The results show that in the moment-to-moment constitution of situational awareness the participants rely both on information provided from the instruments, and on how it should “feel” when recovering. Further, the results show how there are micro-longitudinal changes in the student’s performance of the recovery from the abnormal attitudes – both within the same flight lesson and over the course of the three lessons. These changes are socially established and upheld, in interaction between the student, the teacher and the airplane controls and instruments.Problems in the pilots’ situational awareness are often reported as a significant contributing factor to airplane accidents. This study furthers the understanding of situational awareness as an interactional accomplishment and sheds light on how situational awareness is learned in the interaction between student and teacher, in the different educational contexts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Learning, Interaction, Conversation Analysis, Situation Awareness
Research subject Education
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-85629OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-85629DiVA: diva2:113718
Earli 12th Biennial Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction 2007 Budapest