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Att skapa transparens i statens styre: Den svenska tryckfrihetsförordningen 1766
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
2017 (Swedish)In: Det lange lys: 2000-tals sporgsmål, 1700-tals svar / [ed] Thomas Bredsdorff & Soren Peter Hansen, Kobenhavn: U Press, 2017, 69-85 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kobenhavn: U Press, 2017. 69-85 p.
Keyword [sv]
tryckfrihetsförordningen 1766 offentlighetsprincipen transparens
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329191ISBN: 978-87-93060-52-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-329191DiVA: diva2:1139889
Note

In many countries in our days, citizens are barred from information about the ways in which they are governed. The challenge of achieving transparency in public life was met by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, in 1766 when it passed the Freedom of Press and Information Act. For the first time of the world, most documents from the civil service, the law courts, the government and the parliament became accessible to citizens who wanted to publish them in print. The present article explores the processes in the Riksdag which led to the 1766 Act. Under the regime of the Hat Party in the mid-eighteenth century Swedish realm, information was strictly controlled and discussion of government policies was in principle banned. Still, there were institutional structures that made change possible. The Swedish Riksdag included four, not three estates – Nobility, Clergy, Burghers and Peasants – and in the decision-making process each estate had one vote. As the Cap Party overthrew the Hats at the Riksdag of 1765–66, a new generation of radical politicians from the lower estates came to the fore, including Anders Chydenius, a curate from a tiny village in Finland and a champion of liberty of the press. The Freedom of Press and Information Act was elaborated in a bottom up process, with the lower estates defeating the Nobility in two crucial votes. Thus change was achieved by constitutional means, without revolution.

Available from: 2017-09-10 Created: 2017-09-10 Last updated: 2017-09-10

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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