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Nutrition Care Process Implementation: Experiences in Various Dietetics Environments in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
Karolinska Institutet, Institutionen för lärande, informatik, management och etik.
2017 (English)In: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, ISSN 2212-2672, E-ISSN 2212-2680, Vol. 117, no 11, p. 1738-1748Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) are currently being implemented by nutrition and dietetics practitioners all over the world. Several advantages have been related to this implementation, such as consistency and clarity of dietetics-related health care records and the possibility to collect and research patient outcomes. However, little is known about dietitians’ experiences of the implementation process.

Objective

The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Swedish dietitians’ experiences of the NCP implementation process in different dietetics environments.

Method

Thirty-seven Swedish dietitians from 13 different dietetics workplaces participated in seven focus group discussions that were audiotaped and carefully transcribed. A thematic secondary analysis was performed, after which all the discussions were re-read, following the implementation narrative from each workplace. In the analysis, The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services implementation model was used as a framework.

Results

Main categories identified in the thematic analysis were leadership and implementation strategy, the group and colleagues, the electronic health record, and evaluation. Three typical cases are described to illustrate the diversity of these aspects in dietetics settings: Case A represents a small hospital with an inclusive leadership style and discussion-friendly culture where dietitians had embraced the NCP/NCPT implementation. Case B represents a larger hospital with a more hierarchical structure where dietitians were more ambivalent toward NCP/NCPT implementation. Case C represents the only dietitian working at a small multiprofessional primary care center who received no dietetics-related support from management or colleagues. She had not started NCP/NCPT implementation.

Conclusions

The diversity of dietetics settings and their different prerequisites should be considered in the development of NCP/NCPT implementation strategies. Tailored implementation strategies should be considered in relation to context, such as increased dietetics support and facilitation where management does not lead or support the implementation process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 117, no 11, p. 1738-1748
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329228DOI: 10.1016/j.jand.2017.02.001ISI: 000417199800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-329228DiVA, id: diva2:1140063
Available from: 2017-09-11 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Lövestam, Elin

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