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Inclined transpression in the Neka Valley, eastern Alborz, Iran
Shahid Beheshti Univ, Fac Earth Sci, Dept Geol, Tehran, Iran..
Univ Pablo de Olavide, Dept Sistemas Fis Quim & Nat, Carretera Utrera Km 1, Seville 41013, Spain..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Mineralogy Petrology and Tectonics. 14 Dinglederry, Olney MK46 5ES, England..
2017 (English)In: International journal of earth sciences, ISSN 1437-3254, E-ISSN 1437-3262, Vol. 106, no 5, 1815-1840 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three major nappes in the Neka Valley in the eastern Alborz Mountains of Iran allow the Cimmerian to present convergence following the oblique collision between Iran and the southern margin of Eurasia. This work reports the identification of an inclined transpression zone recognized by field investigations and strain analyses of the geometries of formations and detailed mesoscopic structural analyses of multiple faults, folds and a cleavage. The main structures encountered include refolded recumbent asymmetric fold nappes, highly curved fold hinges, in a transpression zone that dips 37 degrees to the NW between boundaries thrusts striking from N050 degrees to N060 degrees. The beta angle (the angle between the zone boundary and direction of horizontal far-field shortening) is about 80 degrees. The north-west and south-east boundaries of this zone coincide with the Haji-abad thrust and the Shah-Kuh thrust, respectively. Fold axes generally trend NE-SW and step to both right and left as a result of strike-slip components of fault displacements. Strain analyses using Fry's method on macroscopic ooids and fusulina deformed into oblate ellipsoids indicate that the natural strain varies between 2.1 and 3.14. The estimated angle between the maximum instantaneous strain axis (ISA(max)) and the transpression zone boundary (theta') is between 6 degrees and 20 degrees. The estimated oblique convergence angle (alpha), therefore, ranges between 31 degrees and 43 degrees. The average kinematic vorticity number (W-k) is 0.6, in a zone of sinistral pure shear-dominated inclined triclinic transpression. These results support the applicability of kinematic models of triclinic transpression to natural brittle-ductile shear zones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2017. Vol. 106, no 5, 1815-1840 p.
Keyword [en]
Inclined transpression, Strain analysis, Strain partitioning, Neka Valley, Eastern Alborz
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328982DOI: 10.1007/s00531-016-1388-yISI: 000403982300021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328982DiVA: diva2:1140565
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Talbot, Christopher J.

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