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The 1972 Memorandum to the United Nations and its repercussions: Emigre politics and Soviet Estonian dissent during the "era of stagnation'
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 48, no 2, 109-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Estonian dissidents' Memorandum to the United Nations, drafted as a call for national self-determination in 1972, set new standards for the emigre community's campaigns. Although its political message was initially dismissed as utopian, the subsequently emerging cooperation between emigre and homeland activists via intricate courier networks significantly strengthened the authority of Estonian voices in the West. By the early 1980s, the political alliances across the Iron Curtain eventually bore fruit. The Memorandum's core demands reappeared in political debates on Baltic issues on both sides of the Atlantic, foreshadowing the massive Western support for the Baltic cause during the Singing Revolutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 48, no 2, 109-133 p.
Keyword [en]
Cold war, East-West relations, dissent in the Estonian SSR, emigre politics, non-recognition doctrine, United Nations
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329150DOI: 10.1080/01629778.2016.1226187ISI: 000403703600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-329150DiVA: diva2:1141744
Funder
EU, European Research Council, MJD347Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-09-15 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2017-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Stöcker, Lars Fredrik

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