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The Curious Case of Two Dimensional Si2BN: A High-capacity Battery Anode Material
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8242-8005
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Appl Mat Phys, Dept Mat & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1231-9994
2017 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 41, p. 251-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ubiquity of silicon in the semiconductor industry and its unique charge transport features has consistently fueled interest in this element and recent realization 2D silicene is a new feather in its cap. In what could be considered as opening up the Pandora's box with many possible virtues, buckled silicene, planar graphene and a host of other newly discovered 2D materials have redefined a whole new paradigm of research. To this end, the quest for new 2D materials and finding potential applications, particularly to the realm of energy storage, is a curiosity driven task. From first principle density functional theory studies, a newly reported graphene like 2D material Si2BN is investigated as a probable anode material for Li and Na ion batteries. In contrast to pristine silicene, which is inherently buckled, the material Si2BN is planar. However, an interesting transition from planar to buckled structure takes place upon subsequent adsorption of Li and Na ions. Concomitantly, this transition is associated with superior specific capacity (1158.5 and 993.0 mA h/g respectively for Li and Na) which is significantly higher than several other 2D analogues. Furthermore, the substrate Si2BN regains the planar structure on subsequent desorption of ions and stability of the material remains intact, as evidenced from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. As we delve deep into the electronic structure and compute the diffusion pathways and barriers, it is observed that the ionic diffusion is very fast with significantly lesser barrier heights, particularly for Na-ion. These findings suggest that for the 2D Si2BN, there is no diminution in order to be a potential anode material for Li and Na ion batteries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 41, p. 251-260
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-330765DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.09.026ISI: 000415302600027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-330765DiVA, id: diva2:1146628
Funder
StandUpSwedish Research CouncilCarl Tryggers foundation Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), SNIC-2017-11-28 SNIC-2017-1-237
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Energy Storage Materials: Insights From ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Structure, Thermodynamics and Design.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy Storage Materials: Insights From ab Initio Theory: Diffusion, Structure, Thermodynamics and Design.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The development of science and technology have provided a lifestyle completely dependent on energy consumption. Devices such as computers and mobile phones are good examples of how our daily life depends on electric energy. In this scenario, energy storage technologies emerge with strategic importance providing efficient ways to transport and commercialize the produced energy. Rechargeable batteries come as the most suitable alternative to fulfill the market demand due to their higher energy- and power- density when compared with other electrochemical energy storage systems. In this context, during the production of this thesis, promising compounds for advanced batteries application were investigated from the theoretical viewpoint. The framework of the density functional theory has been employed together with others theoretical tools to study properties such as ionic diffusion, redox potential, electronic structure and crystal structure prediction.

Different organic materials were theoretically characterized with quite distinct objectives. For instance, a protocol able to predict the redox potential in solution of long oligomers were developed and tested against experimental measurements. Strategies such as anchoring of small active molecules on polymers backbone have also been investigated through a screening process that determined the most promising candidates. Methods such as evolutionary simulation and basin-hopping algorithm were employed to search for global minimum crystal structures of small molecules and inorganic compounds working as a cathode of advanced sodium batteries. The crystal structure evolution of C6Cl4O2 upon Na insertion was unveiled and the main reasons behind the lower specific capacity obtained in the experiment were clarified. Ab initio molecular dynamics and the nudged elastic band method were employed to understand the underlying ionic diffusion mechanisms in the recently proposed Alluaudite and Eldfellite cathode materials. Moreover, it was demonstrated that electronic conduction in Na2O2, a byproduct of the Na-O2 battery, occurs via hole polarons hopping. Important physical and chemical insights were obtained during the production of this thesis. It finally supports the development of low production cost, environmental friendliness and efficient electrode compounds for advanced secondary batteries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. p. 83
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1584
Keyword
Density Functional Theory, Defects Diffusion, Thermodynamics and Batteries.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331399 (URN)978-91-513-0122-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-07, Polhemsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-15 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2018-03-07

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Shukla, VivekanandAraujo, Rafael Barros Neves deJena, Naresh K.Ahuja, Rajeev

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