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“And they gave me a shot, it really hurt” – Evaluative content in investigative interviews with young children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (CHAP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9879-941X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (CHAP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6594-2291
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (REACH)
The University of Manchester. (Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences)
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2017 (English)In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 82, 434-443 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research is scarce on the suitability of the evidence-based components of child investigative interviews when used in non-forensic contexts such as social work or school, particularly in relation to children’s reports on emotional content.

This explorative study investigated to what extent a structured forensic interview protocol aids children in verbalizing negative emotional experiences of distress or discomfort. To do this we assessed and compared children’s displayed distress or discomfort during a video-recorded health visit with the verbalized distress or discomfort in interviews 2-4 weeks later about this visit. The children, aged 4 and 5 years (N = 26), were interviewed with a forensic interview protocol. Children’s statements regarding distress and discomfort and the interviewer questions preceding these statements were analyzed qualitatively.

The results showed that 46% of the 4-year-olds and 39 % of the 5-year-olds displayed discomfort or distress during their health visit. In the interviews, open-ended questions were posed to all children, however, these questions were sufficient to aid only some children (n = 6) to share evaluative content. None of the children who displayed distress or discomfort during the visit verbalized such experiences after an invitation only. Most children who described experiences of distress or discomfort did so in relation to evaluative questions.

The results suggest that more research is warranted to investigate exactly how and when evaluative questions should be posed and whether this differs depending on severity of experience or the child’s age. The need for protocol development and its suitability when used in other fields of practice is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 82, 434-443 p.
Keyword [en]
investigative interviews, evaluative, emotion, question, distress
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328585DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.10.017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-328585DiVA: diva2:1148598
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-68
Note

Forskningsfinansiär: Allmänna Barnhuset, FB13-0014

Available from: 2017-10-11 Created: 2017-10-11 Last updated: 2017-10-19
In thesis
1. ‘I don’t even remember anything’: Optimising the choice of method when interviewing preschoolers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘I don’t even remember anything’: Optimising the choice of method when interviewing preschoolers
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is increasing need and demand in various contexts to take children’s perspectives into account, including the views and opinions of the youngest children. However, listening to the voices of children is a challenging and complex task, and the field is normatively loaded. There is thus a growing need for valid and reliable methods and techniques that aid children to verbalise their experiences. The overall aim of this thesis was to examine the ability of the In My Shoes computer assisted interview and a Standard verbal interview to elicit accurate information and evaluative content, when used with preschool-aged children and determine their suitability in relation to situationally shy children.

Our studies show that the two interview methods, in general, provided equally accurate and complete statements. In addition, the IMS interview can be a more useful and suitable tool during the rapport phase with situationally shy children compared to the Standard verbal method. For non-shy children, the interview methods were equally adequate. In relation to evaluative information, the recommended open-ended questions in the Standard verbal interview were insufficient. Children appeared to need evaluative questions in order to provide evaluative content. Examining the ability of IMS to elicit subjective experiences showed that using IMS aided children to provide detailed and varied descriptions of emotions, somatic experiences, and objects such as toys.  

Thus, when choosing the optimal child interview method, there are several aspects that need to be considered, including the degree to which children’s statements need to be accurate and complete and/or contain evaluative information and the child’s level of shyness. These studies have increased the number of evaluated methods for interviewing children and contributed to new knowledge about the challenging task of optimising the choice of method for interviewing preschoolers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 86 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1381
Keyword
child, interview method, computer-assisted interview, validity, forensic, shy, distress, emotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Medicine; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331193 (URN)978-91-513-0106-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-01, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-68Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-68VINNOVA, 259-2012-68
Note

Forskningsfinansiering: Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset, FB13-0014 

Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2017-11-10

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