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Civil society and democracy in Nigeria: A field study of a women’s rights organization's understanding of democracy in Nigeria
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study explored the understanding of democracy of a civil society organization in Nigeria. This study's approach is that every country needs to decide what model of democracy they want with their country-specific conditions in mind. Civil society is an important force in the development of a strong nation-state and a stable democracy and they work to protect the interest of the people. Therefore, a nation-state's democracy will benefit from being formed by civil society.The aim of this study was to find out how Nigeria's civil society, in the form of a Nigerian women’s rights organization's work, shows the organization's understanding of democracy. This would show if, or to what degree, the chosen theories of democracy are consistent with the reality of the people at the chosen organization. The gathering of material for this field study was conducted at a women's rights organization in Nigeria: WARDC. The material included interviews, an evaluation report and website material.Three theories of democracy were used in this study: Larry Diamond's liberal de-mocracy, Chantal Mouffe's agonistic democracy and Arend Lijphart's consociational democracy. Mainly, these theories were chosen because they all claim their respective views on democracy to be favorable to countries with pluralistic characteristics.The result of this study demonstrates that Diamond's liberalism is dominant in the understanding of democracy that WARDC's work reflects. This corresponds to the dom-inant status liberal democracy theory enjoys worldwide. Only some of the components of Mouffe's and Lijphart's theories were found in the material. The organization shows an ambiguous relationship to Mouffe and Lijphart. The antagonism concept from Mouffe's agonism theory clashes with the consensus concept from Lijphart's consocia-tionalism theory. However, there are many different theories on democracy and this study has only focused on three of them. The conclusion is that even though liberal de-mocracy is the dominant model of governance, some contexts will also benefit from combining elements from several democracy theories.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 53 p.
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331188OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-331188DiVA: diva2:1148667
Educational program
Master Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-11 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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