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Insiders and outsiders in refugee-host relationships: A case study of Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Ongoing violent conflicts as well as unstable political and security situations in East Africa are generating rapidly growing numbers of refugees every year. Protracted refugee crises pose a challenge for international humanitarian actors in providing necessary aid and preventing further deaths. It also requires political will of host countries to receive refugees and treat them in line with ratified international treaties on refugee rights. Peaceful co-existence between refugees and host communities is an important factor for the well-being of both groups. Thus, through a field study this research aims to investigate the refugee perspective on their relationships with the host community in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. The camp is located in Turkana county in north-western Kenya, close to the border of South Sudan. Kakuma refugee camp has the highest number in the world of different nationalities of refugees, which also challenges social cohesion within the camp. Researching different aspects of the interactions between refugees and the locals - Turkanas - this study sheds light on the importance of external factors such as the Government of Kenya’s policies in shaping the relationships of the groups studied. To obtain the data, a qualitative approach was applied, conducting in-depth interviews with refugees, host community members and representatives from humanitarian aid organisations based in Kakuma. Furthermore, the findings were analysed through an insiders and outsiders approach, applying the concepts of social cohesion and social power that are created through the policies of the refugee camp governance. The research shows that many internal conflicts between refugees and the hosts appear due to the government’s refugee policies and politics. That is, stereotypes of refugees as terrorists through negative political discourse as well as strict laws on refugee movement and access to work make them feel excluded from the host community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 76 p.
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-332054DiVA: diva2:1151459
Educational program
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Presentation
2017-06-02, Uppsala, 14:40 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-15 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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