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Physical mobility, physical activity, and obesity among elderly: findings from a large population-based Swedish survey
Malardalens Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Hogskoleplan 1,POB 883, S-72123 Vasteras, Sweden..
Competence Ctr Hlth Reg Vastmanland, S-72189 Adelsogatan, Vasteras, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Malardalens Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Hogskoleplan 1,POB 883, S-72123 Vasteras, Sweden.
Competence Ctr Hlth Reg Vastmanland, S-72189 Adelsogatan, Vasteras, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Univ Svagen 2, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
2017 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 147, 84-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine how physical activity and physical mobility are related to obesity in the elderly.

Study design: A cross-sectional study of 2558 men and women aged 65 years and older who participated in a population survey in 2012 was conducted in mid-Sweden with an overall response rate of 67%.

Methods: Obesity (body mass index >= 30 kg/m(2)) was based on self-reported weight and height, and physical activity and physical mobility on questionnaire data. Chi-squared test and multiple logistic regressions were used as statistical analyses.

Results: The overall prevalence of obesity was 19% in women and 15% in men and decreased after the age of 75 years. A strong association between both physical activity and obesity, and physical mobility and obesity was found. The odds for obesity were higher for impaired physical mobility (odds ratio [OR] 2.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.14-3.75) than for physical inactivity (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.28-2.08) when adjusted for gender, age, socio-economic status and fruit and vegetable intake. However, physical activity was associated with obesity only among elderly with physical mobility but not among those with impaired physical mobility.

Conclusion: It is important to focus on making it easier for elderly with physical mobility to become or stay physically active, whereas elderly with impaired physical mobility have a higher prevalence of obesity irrespective of physical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 147, 84-91 p.
Keyword [en]
Physical mobility, Physical activity, Obesity, Elderly, Population studies, Sweden
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332210DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.01.032ISI: 000405833500015PubMedID: 28404503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-332210DiVA: diva2:1152797
Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Larm, Peter

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