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Exploring the critical incident technique to encourage reflection during project-based learning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computing Science. (UpCERG)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0513-9338
2017 (English)In: Proc. 17th International Conference on Computing Education: Koli Calling, New York: ACM Press, 2017, 88-97 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Previous research has reported on the challenge of promoting stu- dents’ generic reflection during authentic project-based courses. This work explores a teaching intervention based on Flanagan’s Critical Incident Technique (CIT) during a project-based software development course. The intervention aims at increasing students’ awareness of their own learning and at encouraging reflective practice throughout the project. Students were asked to report on ’incidents’ when they experienced learning during the course, and to reflect on the task itself at the end of the course. The present study focuses on how students approached the incident reporting task and how they perceived it. The results indicate that CIT reporting induces reflection on learning and has positive effects on students’ awareness of their own professional knowledge. On the other hand, students found it difficult to identify learning and many found the practice to disturb their work flow. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: ACM Press, 2017. 88-97 p.
Keyword [en]
Computing education, project based learning, reflection, professional competencies
National Category
Computer and Information Science Didactics
Research subject
Computer Science with specialization in Computer Science Education Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333187DOI: 10.1145/3141880.3141899ISBN: 978-1-4503-5301-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333187DiVA: diva2:1155500
Available from: 2017-11-08 Created: 2017-11-08 Last updated: 2017-11-08

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Citation style
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