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The missing jihad: Why have there been no jihadist civil wars in Southeast Asia?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2018 (English)In: The Pacific Review, ISSN 0951-2748, E-ISSN 1470-1332, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 96-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Why has there been no jihadist civil war in Southeast Asia? Although there has been a global surge in armed conflicts where at least one side fights for self-proclaimed Islamist aspirations, the region of Southeast Asia stands out by not having experienced a single jihadist civil war after 1975. Yet, so far, there have been no systematic comparisons of the frequency and nature of the Islamist violence in Southeast Asia and the rest of the world. This study therefore contributes by exploring the empirical trajectories in the region and situating Southeast Asia to global developments, utilizing new and unique data on religiously defined armed conflicts 1975-2015. We find that whereas the number of people killed in Islamist violence has increased in the rest of the world, it has decreased in Southeast Asia. We argue that Southeast Asia has prevented outbreaks of jihadist civil wars, and contained and partially resolved ongoing Islamist conflicts before they have escalated, due to three interrelated factors: the lack of internationalization of Islamist conflicts in the region, the openness of political channels for voicing Islamist aspirations, and government repression. This article suggests insights from the region that can be valuable from a global perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 31, no 1, p. 96-115
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333315DOI: 10.1080/09512748.2017.1325391ISI: 000428133600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333315DiVA, id: diva2:1156142
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, NHS14-1701:1, M10-0100:1Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-11-10 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved

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Finnbogason, DanielSvensson, Isak

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