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Responding to Other People's Direct Gaze: Alterations in Gaze Behavior in Infants at Risk for Autism Occur on Very Short Timescales
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Department of Women’s & Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, no 11, p. 3498-3509Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Atypical gaze processing has been reported in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here we explored how infants at risk for ASD respond behaviorally to others' direct gaze. We assessed 10-month-olds with a sibling with ASD (high risk group; n = 61) and a control group (n = 18) during interaction with an adult. Eye-tracking revealed less looking at the adult in the high risk group during 300-1000 ms after the adult initiated direct gaze: a short alteration that is likely to go unnoticed by the naked eye. Data aggregated over longer segments (the traditional eye-tracking approach) showed no group differences. Although findings are limited by lack of outcome data, they are in line with theories linking atypical eye processing to the emergence of ASD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 47, no 11, p. 3498-3509
Keywords [en]
Autism, Eye tracking, Neurodevelopmental disorders, Risk assessment, Sensorimotor development
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333473DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3253-7ISI: 000412668100016PubMedID: 28871495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333473DiVA, id: diva2:1156701
Funder
VINNOVA, 259-2012-24Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council, 2015-03670 523-2009-7054Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P12-0270:1 NHS14-1802:1
Note

The EASE team: Achermann, S., Andersson, Konke, L., Brocki, K., Cauvet, E., Gredebäck, G., Lundin Kleberg, J., Nilsson Jobs, E., Thorup, E., Xander, E.

Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Nyström, PärFalck-Ytter, Terje

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