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Unavoidable pressure ulcers at the end of life and nurse understanding
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Lifestyle and rehabilitation in long term illness. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
2017 (English)In: British Journal of Nursing, ISSN 0966-0461, E-ISSN 2052-2819, Vol. 26, no 20, p. s6-s17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:

prevention of pressure ulcers (PUs) in end-of-life care is often problematic because both PUs and interventions to prevent them can cause suffering. The primary aim of this study was to identify and describe the different ways in which nurses understood unavoidable PUs in late palliative care. A second aim was to explore the expediency of the different levels of understanding.

Methods:

a qualitative interview study with a phenomenographic approach was carried out. The study participants were nurses and healthcare assistants who worked in nursing homes or in specialist palliative inpatient care units run by private providers, non-profit foundations, municipalities and county councils. A phenomenographic analysis of the interview data was undertaken.

Results:

all participants shared a fundamental understanding that the prevention of PUs is highly worthwhile in end-of-life care. Within this common view, practitioners' understanding of whether PUs could be prevented differed in four main ways, and were divided into categories: A: unavoidable PUs do not exist. All can be prevented if all interventions are applied, and all patients are at the same risk for developing PUs in end-of-life care; B: unavoidable PUs do not exist, but some patients do not participate in prevention interventions, which makes prevention difficult. The risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care varies between patients; C: some PUs are unavoidable because some patients do not participate in prevention interventions; the risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care differs between patients. D: some PUs are unavoidable, depending on the pathophysiological processes in the dying body. The risk of developing pressure ulcers in end-of-life care differs between patients.

Conclusion:

it is paramount to communicate to nurses that not all PUs can be prevented in dying patients, to lessen the burden of ethical stress for the nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 26, no 20, p. s6-s17
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333536DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2017.26.Sup20.S6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333536DiVA, id: diva2:1156908
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-09-10Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson, Maria E.Gunningberg, Lena

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