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One tool, many applications: Employment subsidies, institutional regimes, and labor market segmentation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala Center for Labor Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8405-795X
(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Employment subsidy programs have experienced considerable expansion across Europe in recent decades. To date, most studies analyzing this policy shift have assumed that these programs are largely equivalent in terms of their designs, effects, and explanations. In contrast, using new, detailed data from across Europe, this essay argues that employment subsidies are best understood as versatile multi-purpose tools that can be used as a means to rather different distributional ends. Importantly, while they may be designed to counteract insider/outsider divides in the labor market, they can also sustain these divides. This essay furthermore demonstrates that how employment subsidies are designed, financed and administered varies systematically across different parts of Europe, in ways broadly in line with the distinct logics associated with their long-standing institutional regimes. Employment subsidies are mostly used in a manner that 'reinvents' existing institutional regimes rather than replaces them with something profoundly new.

Keyword [en]
Comparative politics, active labor market policy, ALMP, employment subsidies, institutional legacies, welfare regimes, insider/outsider theory
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-333931DiVA: diva2:1158257
Available from: 2017-11-19 Created: 2017-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-05
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