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Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers: the ToyBox-study.
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215, Vol. 56, no 5, 1939-1951 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food and beverage consumption and time spent in different sedentary behaviours such as watching TV and DVDs, playing computer/video games and quiet play/activities in preschoolers.

METHODS: A sample of 6431 (51.8 % males) European preschoolers aged 3.5-5.5 years from six survey centres was included in the data analyses. Data on dietary habits and sedentary behaviours [watching TV, playing computer and quiet play (both during weekdays and weekend days)] were collected via standardized proxy-administered questionnaires. One-way analysis of covariance and general linear model (adjusted for sex, maternal education, body mass index and centre) were conducted.

RESULTS: The results of the generalized linear model showed that the more strong associations in both males and females who were watching TV for > 1 h/day during weekdays were positively associated with increased consumption of fizzy drinks (β = 0.136 for males and β = 0.156 for females), fresh and packed juices (β = 0.069, β = 0.089), sweetened milk (β = 0.119, β = 0.078), cakes and biscuits (β = 0.116, β = 0.145), chocolate (β = 0.052, β = 0.090), sugar-based desserts and pastries (β = 0.234, β = 0.250), salty snacks (β = 0.067, β = 0.056), meat/poultry/processed meat (β = 0.067, β = 0.090) and potatoes (β = 0.071, β = 0.067), and negative associations were observed for the consumption of fruits (β = -0.057, β = -0.099), vegetables (β = -0.056, β = -0.082) and fish (β = -0.013, β = -0.013). During weekend days, results were comparable.

CONCLUSIONS: In European preschoolers, sedentary behaviours were associated with consumption of energy-dense foods and fizzy drinks. The present findings will contribute to improve the strategies to prevent overweight, obesity and nutrition-related chronic diseases from early childhood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 56, no 5, 1939-1951 p.
Keyword [en]
Food intake, Screen time, Sedentary behaviour
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334054DOI: 10.1007/s00394-016-1236-7PubMedID: 27312566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-334054DiVA: diva2:1158557
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2017-11-20

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