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Southern African ancient genomes estimate modern human divergence to 350,000 to 260,000 years ago
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology. Centre for Anthropological Research and Department of Anthropology and Development Studies, University of Johannesburg, Post Office Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8160-9621
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology. Centre for Anthropological Research and Department of Anthropology and Development Studies, University of Johannesburg, Post Office Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology.
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2017 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 358, no 6363, p. 652-655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Southern Africa is consistently placed as a potential region for the evolution of Homo sapiens We present genome sequences, up to 13x coverage, from seven ancient individuals from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The remains of three Stone Age hunter-gatherers (about 2000 years old) were genetically similar to current-day southern San groups, and those of four Iron Age farmers (300 to 500 years old) were genetically similar to present-day Bantu-language speakers. We estimate that all modern-day Khoe-San groups have been influenced by 9 to 30% genetic admixture from East Africans/Eurasians. Using traditional and new approaches, we estimate the first modern human population divergence time to between 350,000 and 260,000 years ago. This estimate increases the deepest divergence among modern humans, coinciding with anatomical developments of archaic humans into modern humans, as represented in the local fossil record.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 358, no 6363, p. 652-655
National Category
Archaeology Evolutionary Biology Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334636DOI: 10.1126/science.aao6266ISI: 000414240500038PubMedID: 28971970OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-334636DiVA, id: diva2:1160191
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 642-2013-8019; 621-2014-5211Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationGöran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of TechnologyThe Wenner-Gren Foundation
Note

Carina M. Schlebusch and Helena Malmström contributed equally to this work

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Schlebusch, CarinaMalmström, HelenaGünther, TorstenSjödin, PerCoutinho, AlexandraEdlund, HannaMunters, Arielle R.Vicente, MárioJakobsson, Mattias

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Schlebusch, CarinaMalmström, HelenaGünther, TorstenSjödin, PerCoutinho, AlexandraEdlund, HannaMunters, Arielle R.Vicente, MárioJakobsson, Mattias
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