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Climate Change and Violent Conflict in East Africa: Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Research to Probe the Mechanisms
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3098-5587
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri).
2017 (English)In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How does climate change affect the risk and dynamics of violent conflict? Existing research shows that climate change can increase the risk of violent conflict and significantly alter the dynamics of existing conflicts. Less is known about the exact mechanisms through which climate change affects violent conflict. In this article, we address this lacuna in light of the first sys- tematic review of both quantitative and qualitative scholarship. Through an analysis of forty-three peer-reviewed articles on climate-related environ- mental change and violent conflict in East Africa published 1989–2016, we evaluate to what extent the literature provides coherent explanations that identify relevant mechanisms, actors, and outcomes. In addition, we discuss the expected temporal and spatial distribution of violence and the confounding political factors implied in the literature. Against this back- ground, we offer a number of suggestions for how future climate-conflict research can theorize and explore mechanisms. Future research should distinguish between explanations that focus on causes and dynamics of climate-related violent conflict, theoretically motivate when and where vi- olence is most likely to occur, systematically examine the role of state policies and intervention, and explore the implications of each explanation at the microlevel. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
climate change, violent conflict, East Africa, literature review, qualitative, quantitative, mechanisms
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334900DOI: 10.1093/isr/vix043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-334900DiVA: diva2:1161070
Available from: 2017-11-29 Created: 2017-11-29 Last updated: 2017-11-29

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Publisher's full texthttp://+ http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/isr/vix043

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