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Inhalant Use and Mental Health Problems in Russian Juvenile Delinquents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Yale Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Child Study, New Haven, CT 06510 USA.;Sater Forens Psychiat Clin, Sater, Sweden..
Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change, Huddinge, Sweden..
Arctic Univ Norway UiT, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welf, Tromso, Norway..
2017 (English)In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 52, no 12, p. 1616-1623Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses amongincarcerated delinquent youths in Russia. Methods: Atotal of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports. Results: Compared to non-users (N = 266), inhalant users ( N = 104) reported higher rates of PTSD, early onset conduct disorder, ADHD, alcohol abuse and dependence, as well as higher levels of antisocial behavior, impulsiveness and more psychopathic traits. Frequent inhalant users also reported the highest rates of co-occurring psychopathology. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that inhalant use in delinquents is frequent and may require additional clinical measures to address the issue of psychiatric comorbidity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 52, no 12, p. 1616-1623
Keywords [en]
Inhalants, delinquents, psychopathology
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335540DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1293106ISI: 000409301400009PubMedID: 28557594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-335540DiVA, id: diva2:1163978
Available from: 2017-12-08 Created: 2017-12-08 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Ruchkin, Vladislav

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