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Al2O3 Underlayer Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry. Monash Univ, Dept Mat Engn, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
Monash Univ, Dept Mat Engn, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia.
Monash Univ, Dept Mat Engn, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia.
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2017 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 10, no 19, p. 3810-3817Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Perovskite solar cells, as an emergent technology for solar energy conversion, have attracted much attention in the solar cell community by demonstrating impressive enhancement in power conversion efficiencies. However, the high temperature and manually processed TiO2 underlayer prepared by spray pyrolysis significantly limit the large-scale application and device reproducibility of perovskite solar cells. In this study, lowtemperature atomic layer deposition (ALD) is used to prepare a compact Al2 O3 underlayer for perovskite solar cells. The thickness of the Al2 O3 layer can be controlled well by adjusting the deposition cycles during the ALD process. An optimal Al2 O3 layer effectively blocks electron recombination at the perovskite/fluorine-doped tin oxide interface and sufficiently transports electrons through tunneling. Perovskite solar cells fabricated with an Al2 O3 layer demonstrated a highest efficiency of 16.2 % for the sample with 50 ALD cycles (ca. 5 nm), which is a significant improvement over underlayer-free PSCs, which have a maximum efficiency of 11.0 %. Detailed characterization confirms that the thickness of the Al2 O3 underlayer significantly influences the charge transfer resistance and electron recombination processes in the devices. Furthermore, this work shows the feasibility of using a high band-gap semiconductor such as Al2 O3 as the underlayer in perovskite solar cells and opens up pathways to use ALD Al2 O3 underlayers for flexible solar cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 10, no 19, p. 3810-3817
Keywords [en]
atomic layer deposition, electron transport, perovskites, semiconductors, solar cells
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336200DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201701160ISI: 000428425000017PubMedID: 28857493OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-336200DiVA, id: diva2:1165249
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationAvailable from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved

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Hultqvist, AdamRuan, ChangqingYang, LiEdoff, MarikaJohansson, Erik

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