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Over-Stoichiometric NbO2 Nanoparticles for a High Energy and Power Density Lithium Microbattery
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5861-4281
Stockholm Univ, Arrhenius Lab, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9292-016X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry. (Strukturkemi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4440-2952
2017 (English)In: CHEMNANOMAT, ISSN 2199-692X, Vol. 3, no 9, p. 646-655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effective utilization of active materials in microbatteries can be enhanced by rational design of the electrodes. There is an increasing trend of using 3D electrodes that are coated in nanosized active materials to boost both energy and power densities. This article focuses on the fabrication of 3D electrodes based on monolithic carbon foams coated in over-stoichiometric NbO2 nanoparticles. The electrodes exhibit remarkable energy and power densities at various current densities when tested in lithium microbatteries. An areal capacity of around 0.7mAhcm(-2) and energy density up to 45mWhcm(-3) have been achieved. More than half of the areal capacity can be accessed at a current density of about 11mAcm(-2), with the corresponding energy and power densities being 21mWhcm(-3) and 1349mWcm(-3). These values are comparable to those of microsupercapacitors containing carbon and MnO2 nanomaterials. Furthermore, the electrochemical reversibility improves progressively upon cycling along with substantial increase in the charge transfer kinetics of the electrode. Based on impedance analyses almost a fourfold decrease in the charge transfer resistance has been observed over 25 cycles. Such enhancement of the electronic properties of NbO2 can account for the high electrochemical rate performance of the 3D electrodes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2017. Vol. 3, no 9, p. 646-655
Keywords [en]
3D microbattery, carbon foam, niobium oxide, over-stoichiometric, power
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335634DOI: 10.1002/cnma.201700141ISI: 000409874100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-335634DiVA, id: diva2:1165372
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StandUpAvailable from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-30

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Asfaw, Habtom DestaNyholm, LeifEdström, Kristina

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