uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Per-Olov Löwdin - father of quantum chemistry
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
2017 (English)In: Molecular Physics, ISSN 0026-8976, E-ISSN 1362-3028, Vol. 115, no 17-18, 1995-2024 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

During 2016, we celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Per-Olov Lowdin. He was appointed to the first Lehrstuhl in quantum chemistry at Uppsala University in 1960. Lowdin introduced quantum chemistry as a field in its own right by formulating its goals, establishing fundamental concepts, like the correlation energy, the method of configuration interaction, reduced density matrices, natural spin orbitals, charge and bond order matrices, symmetric orthogonalisation, and generalised self-consistent fields. His exposition of partitioning technique and perturbation theory, wave and reaction operators and associated non-linear summation techniques, introduced mathematical rigour and deductive order in the interpretative organisation of the new field. He brought the first computer to Uppsala University and pioneered the initiation of electronic brains' and anticipated their significance for quantum chemistry. Perhaps his single most influential contribution to the field was his education of two generations of future faculty in quantum chemistry through Summer Schools in the Scandinavian Mountains, Winter Institutes at Sanibel Island in the Gulf of Mexico. Per-Olov Lowdin founded the book series Advances in Quantum Chemistry and the International Journal of Quantum Chemistry. The evolution of quantum chemistry is appraised, starting from a collection of cross-disciplinary applications of quantum mechanics to the technologically advanced and predominant field of today, virtually used in all branches of chemistry. The scientific work of Per-Olov Lowdin has been crucial for the development of this new important province of science. [GRAPHICS] .

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2017. Vol. 115, no 17-18, 1995-2024 p.
Keyword [en]
Quantum chemistry, correlation energy, density matrix, configuration interaction, natural spin orbitals
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334506DOI: 10.1080/00268976.2017.1294268ISI: 000408727700003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-334506DiVA: diva2:1166103
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Brändas, Erkki

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Brändas, Erkki
By organisation
Theoretical Chemistry
In the same journal
Molecular Physics
Theoretical Chemistry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 26 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf