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Selection and Transmission of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7456-9182
2017 (English)In: Microbiology Spectrum, ISSN 2165-0497, Vol. 5, no 4, article id UNSP MTBP-0013-2016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ever since antibiotics were introduced into human and veterinary medicine to treat and prevent bacterial infections there has been a steady selection and increase in the frequency of antibiotic resistant bacteria. To be able to reduce the rate of resistance evolution, we need to understand how various biotic and abiotic factors interact to drive the complex processes of resistance emergence and transmission. We describe several of the fundamental factors that underlay resistance evolution, including rates and niches of emergence and persistence of resistant bacteria, time- and space-gradients of various selective agents, and rates and routes of transmission of resistant bacteria between humans, animals and other environments. Furthermore, we discuss the options available to reduce the rate of resistance evolution and/or transmission and their advantages and disadvantages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 5, no 4, article id UNSP MTBP-0013-2016
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Microbiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336646DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MTBP-0013-2016ISI: 000412228600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-336646DiVA, id: diva2:1166618
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2017-12-15Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Dan IHughes, Diarmaid

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