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The uneven distribution of capital gains in times of socio-spatial inequality: Evidence from Swedish housing pathways between 1995 and 2010
Tilburg University Netherlands.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
2018 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 55, no 12, p. 2721-2742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housing wealth is the largest component of wealth for a majority of Swedish households. Whereas investments in housing are merely defined by income, the returns on this investment (capital gains) are dependent on local housing market dynamics. Since the 1990s, local housing market dynamics in Swedish cities have been altered by the upswing in levels of socio-spatial inequality. The simultaneous up- and downgrading of neighbourhoods is reflected in house price developments and exacerbates the magnitude of capital gains and losses. This article proposes that the selective redirection of housing pathways that causes an upswing in socio-spatial inequality translates into an uneven distribution of capital gains as well. A sequence analysis of the housing pathways of one Swedish birth cohort (1970–1975), based on population-wide register data (GeoSweden), is used to explain differences in capital gains between different social groups in the period 1995–2010. The results indicate higher capital gains for individuals with higher incomes and lower gains for migrants. When socio-spatial inequality increases, the more resourceful groups can use their economic and cultural capital to navigate through the housing market in a more profitable way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 55, no 12, p. 2721-2742
Keywords [en]
capital gains, housing pathways, housing wealth, sequence analysis, socio-spatial inequality, Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336806DOI: 10.1177/0042098017730520ISI: 000441946600009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-336806DiVA, id: diva2:1167111
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 283615EU, European Research Council, 615159Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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