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Faith-Based Welfare Practice: Reflections from thePerspective of Islamic Theology
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Systematic Theology and Studies in World Views.
2017 (English)In: Diaconia. Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice, ISSN 1869-3261, E-ISSN 2196-9027, ISSN 1869-3261, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 119-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Caring for people who for various reasons have found themselves in crises or are in need of help and support has a central place in the Islamic theological tradition. The task of constructing a social safety net for society’s weaker individuals was inspired by these lines of thought in a Muslim context. Themotive for these interventions takes its starting point in a religious conception of taking care of weak members of society. One of the pillars of faith in Islam, zakat , deals with social care and thus relates to the idea of the welfare. Its forms of expression may vary, ranging from involvement in various forms of charitable contributions to faith-based philanthropic volunteer work. Charitable work that is based on a religious foundation, which in its turn is based on a duty-centered perspective, is founded on notions that a believer shall perform his/her duties fittingly. A true believer is expected not to be egocentric, but to consider his/her fellow men. At the same time, we should not forget that the duty-centered religious perspective contains the idea that anyonewho becomes involved in charitable work also receives something in return. Somewhere in the background lies the notion that a person who performs the religious duty of taking care of a neighbor will be rewarded in one way or another, either in this life or a coming life. The faith-based philanthropic motive may also be based on a religious worldview, but here the reward motive is replaced with care of one’s fellow beings and respect for man’s interior character.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2017. Vol. 8, no 2, p. 119-137
Keyword [en]
Compassion, philanthropy, charity, Islamic theology, Islamic philosophy, social
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Systematic Theology and Studies in Worldviews
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336948DOI: 10.13109/diac.2017.8.2.119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-336948DiVA: diva2:1167732
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Fazlhashemi, Mohammad

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