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The Ambiguity of Citizenship in Contemporary Salafism
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2017 (English)In: The Crisis of Citizenship in the Arab World / [ed] Roel Meijer & Nils Butenschøn, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 338-374Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The idea of citizenship (muwatana) for many, if not most, activist Salafis represents an expression of belonging to a community of believers within or without the confines of state borders. This communitarian understanding ties in with their particular theological understanding of religious, and therefore social and political, boundaries between communities – an us vs. them worldview – that implies that some of the rights and responsibilities of “believers” are not available to “unbelievers” or to the wrong kind of “believers.” Like many other fundamentalist religious movements (e.g. Ḥaredi Jewish groups, the Vishva Hindu Parishad, or the Buddhist Madhatha movement, and even pre-modern Calvinists), Salafi groups are keen to separate friends from enemies and the righteous from the unrighteous. What is more, the particular Salafi worldview ultimately produces strict, dichotomising sets of practices that perpetuate the continuous conflict between “friends and enemies,” wherein members of the in-group are on God’s side and those of the out-group are not. The method of separating these opposites permeates not only their religious and social activities, but also marks their political activism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017. p. 338-374
Series
Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia, ISSN 1385-3376 ; 116
Keywords [en]
Salafism, Citizenship, Modernity, Politics, the Political, Violent and Nonviolent Salafi groups
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337481ISBN: 9789004340565 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337481DiVA, id: diva2:1169753
Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2017-12-29

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http://www.brill.com/products/book/crisis-citizenship-arab-world

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Poljarevic, Emin

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