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Explaining demobilization in the wake of civil conflict
University of Notre Dame, Kroc institute for international Peace Studies, Keough School of global affairs.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5835-0618
2017 (English)In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 270-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The demobilisation of rival armed forces in negotiated transitions from civil war to peace represents a practical challenge and a theoretical puzzle. From the point of view of the former warring parties, demobilisation is hazardous and hence requires a minimum level of trust, which often requires that both sides take reciprocal steps to demonstrate minimum levels of commitments. On the other hand, existing literature emphasises the role of third-party guarantors in creating the security necessary for demobilisation. We argue that the credibility of third-party guarantors is largely unexplained, and instead propose that the former warring parties themselves can overcome distrust by implementing political accommodation measures before demobilisation, such as transitional power sharing, release of prisoners of war, and amnesty. In an analysis of 34 peace processes, we find support for our expectation that implementation of accommodation measures facilitates demobilisation processes, whereas deployment of UN peacekeeping troops has no effect. These findings have significant policy implications for ongoing peace processes on how to achieve successful demobilisation in a war to peace transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 5, no 3, p. 270-288
Keywords [en]
Political accommodation, demobilisation, third-party guarantee, intrastate armed conflicts, peace agreement
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337591DOI: 10.1080/21647259.2016.1268345ISI: 000418521400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337591DiVA, id: diva2:1170262
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved

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Melander, Erik

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  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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