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Imageability ratings across languages
Trinity College Dublin, Irland.
University of Potsdam, Tyskland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
University of Oslo, Norge; Statped, Norge.
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2018 (English)In: Behavior Research Methods, ISSN 1554-351X, E-ISSN 1554-3528, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 1187-1197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Imageability is a psycholinguistic variable that indicates how well a word gives rise to a mental image or sensory experience. Imageability ratings are used extensively in psycholinguistic, neuropsychological, and aphasiological studies. However, little formal knowledge exists about whether and how these ratings are associated between and within languages. Fifteen imageability databases were cross-correlated using nonparametric statistics. Some of these corresponded to unpublished data collected within a European research network—the Collaboration of Aphasia Trialists (COST IS1208). All but four of the correlations were significant. The average strength of the correlations (rho = .68) and the variance explained (R2 = 46%) were moderate. This implies that factors other than imageability may explain 54% of the results. Imageability ratings often correlate across languages. Different possibly interacting factors may explain the moderate strength and variance explained in the correlations: (1) linguistic and cultural factors; (2) intrinsic differences between the databases; (3) range effects; (4) small numbers of words in each database, equivalent words, and participants; and (5) mean age of the participants. The results suggest that imageability ratings may be used cross-linguistically. However, further understanding of the factors explaining the variance in the correlations will be needed before research and practical recommendations can be made.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 50, no 3, p. 1187-1197
Keywords [en]
Imageability, Linguistics, Cross-linguistic, Correlations
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337631DOI: 10.3758/s13428-017-0936-0ISI: 000434639400023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337631DiVA, id: diva2:1170420
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2018-01-03 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13428-017-0936-0

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Blom Johansson, MonicaSör, Ingrid

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