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The Sign of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Chemical Shift Difference as a Determinant of the Origin of Binding Selectivity: Elucidation of the Position Dependence of Phosphorylation in Ligands Binding to Scribble PDZ1.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. ETH, Lab Phys Chem, Zurich, Switzerland. (Chi Celestine)
2017 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The use of nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift perturbation to monitor changes taking place around the binding site of a ligand-protein interaction is a routine and widely applied methodology in the field of protein biochemistry. Shifts are often acquired by titrating various concentrations of ligand to a fixed concentration of the receptor and may serve the purpose, among others, of determining affinity constants, locating binding surfaces, or differentiating between binding mechanisms. Shifts are quantified by the so-called combined chemical shift difference. Although the directionality of shift changes is often used for detailed analysis of specific cases, the approach has not been adapted in standard chemical shift monitoring. This is surprising as it would not require additional effort. Here, we demonstrate the importance of the sign of the chemical shift difference induced by ligand-protein interaction. We analyze the sign of the 15N/1H shift changes of the PDZ1 domain of Scribble upon interaction with two pairs of phosphorylated and unphosphorylated peptides. We find that detailed differences in the molecular basis of this PDZ-ligand interaction can be obtained from our analysis to which the classical method of combined chemical shift perturbation analysis is insensitive. In addition, we find a correlation between affinity and millisecond motions. Application of the methodology to Cyclophilin a, a cis-trans isomerase, reveals molecular details of peptide recognition. We consider our directionality vector chemical shift analysis as a method of choice when distinguishing the molecular origin of binding specificities of a class of similar ligands, which is often done in drug discovery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
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Medicinal Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337645DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00965PubMedID: 29144123OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337645DiVA: diva2:1170450
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2018-01-03 Last updated: 2018-01-13

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