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Summit Meetings: Good or Bad for Peace?
Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University, Macquarie University (Sydney), University of Queensland (Brisbane).
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame.
2017 (English)In: Global Summitry, ISSN 2058-7430, Vol. 2, p. 71-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The systematic study of summit diplomacy, its role in international relations, and its contribution to world peace is remarkably scant. The research presented here is a step forward in understanding the significance of direct, personal, face-to-face meetings between top leaders in dominant states. Such summits continue to generate a lot of attention, often preceded with high expectations and leaving in disappointment. This article will present a unique dataset of summit meetings between the United States and its main competitor for global influence, the Soviet Union and modern Russia. We begin with the first meeting ever between Roosevelt and Stalin in 1943 in Tehran, Iran and end with a 2014 meeting between Obama and Putin in Brisbane, Australia. The data are used to evaluate several hypotheses about relationships between summit meetings and armed conflict. Our findings suggest that the summit meetings have been motivated by conflicts but do not contribute to their management. Wars involving Russia also account for the relationship between summit frequency and international cooperation. These results raise questions about the conflict-managing functions of summit meetings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 2, p. 71-92
Keywords [en]
Summits, Presidents, USA, Soviet Union, Russia, Diplomacy, Cold War, Peace
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337718DOI: 10.1093/global/gux001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337718DiVA, id: diva2:1170605
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved

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