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New Estimates of Time Use in Sweden 1950-2012
Uppsala University, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS). Department of Economic History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2017 (English)In: Journal of European Economic History, ISSN 0391-5115, E-ISSN 2499-8281, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 77-116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The official statistics on GDP and the labour market exclude unpaiddomestic services. Yet there are good theoretical reasons why his-torians should study unpaid work. This paper reconstructs annualestimates of time use in Sweden from 1950 to 2012 amongwomen and men. It finds substantial convergence between the gen-ders in time use from the 1960s to the early 1980s. During the pe-riod of inquiry, the gender difference in total working time vanished.The double burden for women did not increase when they enteredthe labour market. The reduction in the time women spent on un-paid work is explained about equally by the shortening of the totalamount of unpaid work and by increasing male participation inhousehold chores. In 1950-1963, the reduction was explainedmainly by the decline in the making and mending of clothes athome and the spread of domestic appliances. In the 1963–1984period, instead, it was due chiefly to men’s greater participation inhousehold work. These mechanisms were largely historically con-tingent, suggesting that it is impossible to single out just one factorto explain why Sweden today has less gender inequality than othercountries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 46, no 2, p. 77-116
Keywords [en]
Economic history
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338109DiVA, id: diva2:1171426
Available from: 2018-01-07 Created: 2018-01-07 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Nordlund Edvinsson, Therese

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CiteExportLink to record
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