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Low Cost, Fast Solution Synthesis of 3D Framework ZnONanosponges
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
Natl Inst Chem, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Natl Inst Chem, Hajdrihova 19, SI-1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
2017 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 24, p. 15150-15158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An efficient, template-free solution-chemical route to nanostructured ZnO sponges is presented: A mixture of Zn(NO3)(2)center dot 6H(2)O, Zn(OAc)(2).2H(2)O, and triethanolamine in methanol was evaporated to a highly viscous liquid and rapidly heated to >200 degrees C for 1-3 min to achieve highly porous, nanocrystalline sponges of ZnO. The viscous precursor concentrate obtained on evaporation in air was characterized by TG, DSC, and IR spectroscopy, and the product ZnO sponges by XRD, SEM, TEM, and IR spectroscopy. The fast reaction forming ZnO started at 140 degrees C and finished within a few seconds. Scherrer analysis of the XRD peak broadening showed average crystallite sizes of 8 to 11 nm for ZnO prepared by annealing at 200-450 degrees C (3 min), while grain growth to 134 nm was observed from 500 to 900 degrees C (3 min). The ZnO powders obtained at 200-900 degrees C had cell dimensions of a = 3.25 angstrom and b = 5.21 angstrom, matching the ZnO literature data well. SEM and TEM analyses showed highly porous, bread-like 3D nanostructures built by ca. 30-70 nm thick walls of ZnO crystallites of the approximate average sizes given by the XRD Scherrer analysis. It seems that the crystal growth above 450 degrees C takes place within the ZnO 3D structure obtained at lower temperatures without much sintering of the larger porous structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 56, no 24, p. 15150-15158
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338123DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02459ISI: 000418629500048PubMedID: 29172508OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338123DiVA, id: diva2:1171443
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved

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