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Loyal citizens or dangerous stateless refugees?: The ‘Armenian Question’ in World War II Romania, 1940–44
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Genocide Research, ISSN 1462-3528, E-ISSN 1469-9494, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 318-339Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

After the massacres and genocide perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire, thousands of Armenian refugees arrived in Romania and reinvigorated the local minority group (native Armenians), which at that time was mostly assimilated. While native Armenians were citizens, the refugees were stateless people holding Nansen passports. From the 1930s on, and especially during the Antonescu regime (1940–44), the legal status of Armenians, especially of Nansen refugees, worsened due to the rise of ethno-nationalism, particularly in the economic area (a process called Romanianization). This article investigates the ‘Armenian Question’ in World War II Romania, including its connection with the ‘Jewish Question’. Believing that Nansen Armenians were disloyal to Romania—because some of them wanted to repatriate to Soviet Armenia and engaged in communist and fascist revolutionary organizations—and profited from the Romanian economy, and especially from Romanianization, the Antonescu regime treated this group as dangerous foreigners and subjected them to police surveillance and legal and economic persecution, resembling, to a certain extent, its antisemitic policy. However, Antonescu did not push the persecution of Nansen Armenians too far and, in general, they fared better than the Jews.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 19, no 3, p. 318-339
Keyword [en]
World War II Romania, Nansen Armenians, stateless refugees, Romanianization, the Antonescu regime, the Armenian Question, persecution of minorities
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338139DOI: 10.1080/14623528.2017.1291001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338139DiVA, id: diva2:1171515
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Ionescu, Stefan Cristian

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