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Influence of state-of-charge in commercial LiNi0.33Mn0.33Co0.33O2/LiMn2O4-graphite cells analyzed by synchrotron-based photoelectron spectroscopy
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2538-8104
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8019-2801
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Energy Storage, ISSN 2352-152X, Vol. 15, p. 172-180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Degradation mechanisms in 26 Ah commercial Li-ion battery cells comprising graphite as the negative electrode and mixed metal oxide of LiMn2O4 (LMO) and LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 (NMC) as the positive electrode are here investigated utilising extensive cycling at two different state-of-charge (SOC) ranges, 10–20% and 60–70%, as well as post-mortem analysis. To better analyze these mechanisms electrochemically, the cells were after long-term cycling reassembled into laboratory scale “half-cells” using lithium metal as the negative electrode, and thereafter cycled at different rates corresponding to 0.025 mA/cm2 and 0.754 mA/cm2. The electrodes were also analyzed by synchrotron-based hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) using two different excitation energies to determine the chemical composition of the interfacial layers formed at different depth on the respective electrodes. It was found from the extensive cycling that the cycle life was shorter for the cell cycled in the higher SOC range, 60–70%, which is correlated to findings of an increased cell resistance and thickness of the SEI layer in the graphite electrode as well as manganese dissolution from the positive electrode.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 15, p. 172-180
Keywords [en]
Li-ion battery, Commercial cells, Battery ageing, Photoelectron spectroscopy
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338184DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2017.11.010ISI: 000426619500015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338184DiVA, id: diva2:1171587
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Björklund, ErikYounesi, RezaBrandell, DanielEdström, Kristina

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