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Ising like behaviour of mesoscopic magnetic chains
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5752-1980
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 30, no 36, article id 365301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We demonstrate an experimental realization of the short range magnetic order in a one-dimensional Ising chain using fabricated mesospins. We confirm an excellent agreement between the experimental findings and simulations obtained using the original Ising model. In particular, we are able to show that the thermal behaviour of the mesoscopic Ising chain dominates over the thermal behaviour of the individual mesospins themselves, confirming that fabricated mesospins can be viewed as artificial magnetic atoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 36, article id 365301
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338704DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aad0c1ISI: 000442341100001PubMedID: 29968584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338704DiVA, id: diva2:1173204
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationAvailable from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-10-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Collective properties of magnetic mesospins
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collective properties of magnetic mesospins
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mesoscopic spin systems consist of an ensemble of lithographically patterned nanomagnetic elements - mesospins. The interactions between the mesospins, can be designed at will by altering their lateral arrangement, enabling the study of collective magnetic order in a wide range of systems.          

  The spin dimensionality of a mesospin is controlled by its shape and form. Thin elongated elements are Ising-like, with only two possible magnetization directions. Disc shaped elements can be single domain and behave XY-like, with a magnetization direction free to rotate in the plane of the disc. Larger disc sizes result in magnetic vortices. Tuning the material parameters of the elements enables mesospin dynamics at and below room temperature. Combining all of the above, the magnetic state of a lattice is then defined by the mesospins lateral arrangement, their spin dimensionality, and the temperature.          

  In this Thesis we investigate the magnetic order and dynamic properties in a series of different configurations, where the nano-magnetic elements are in the vortex state, Ising-like mesospins or of mixed mesospin dimensionality. Chains of Ising-mesospins were investigated and shown to be successfully described by the Ising model. A lossless transition between the magnetic vortex state and the collinear state, was found in square arrays of magnetic discs. In a more complicated interaction regime, square artificial spin ice, the dynamical range of the Ising-like mesospins in the lattice was probed, in terms of magnetization relaxation studies.          

  Utilizing the configurational freedom in mesoscopic spin systems, together with the possibility to alter the spin dimensionality of the elements, it is possible to create a lattice with no naturally occurring analogue. In such a lattice, where XY mesospins were added to square artificial spin ice, it was found that the degeneracy of the square ice model was restored. Furthermore, using a reciprocal space analysis tool, the magnetic spin structure factor, the system was shown to possess the characteristic features of a Coulomb spin liquid with strong local correlations and absence of long range order. Increasing the interaction between the elements, results in an emergent magnetic order on a large length-scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 89
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1619
Keywords
artificial spin ice, magnetic nano-structures, mesoscopic spin systems, mesospins, mixed spin dimensionalities, interaction modifier, engineering of energy landscape, emergence
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338722 (URN)978-91-513-0205-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-03-02, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-03-08

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Östman, ErikArnalds, Unnar B.Kapaklis, VassiliosTaroni, AndreaHjörvarsson, Björgvin

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