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Divided in Ethnicity, United in Nation?: A study of applicability of ethnic democracy model to modern Estonia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis analyses whether Estonia can be conceptualised as ethnic democracy in accordance with features outlined in Sammy Smooha’s (2005; 2009) ethnic democracy mini-model. The analysis is based on data obtained from official government policies and legal acts, publications of governmental organisations, and on elite political discourse as reflected in the biggest Estonian newspaper Postimees. The main objective is to identify whether state output bears features of ethnic ascendancy, diminished democracy, and perceives non-core ethnic Russian and Russophone groups as a source of threat. The results suggest that between 2005 and 2017 Estonia exhibits features of ethnic democracy, however, with a contradictory dynamic within the regime. Features of ethnic ascendancy have become more prominent, especially due to new addition to the Preamble of the Constitution of Estonia, and monumental revanchism in state symbols; while characteristics of diminished democracy, in form of violation of human rights or restriction of individual rights of minorities, are mostly absent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 76
Keywords [en]
ethnic democracy, Estonia, Russian minority, ethnicity, government policy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339326DiVA, id: diva2:1175442
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
Master Programme in Political Science
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-01-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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