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Individual Variations in Attachment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science / [ed] Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2016, p. 1-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Individual variations in attachment denote interindividual variations in the organization or quality of attachment behavior in relation to the attachment figure, particularly observable when the attachment system is activated following external or internal cues of threat. Individual variations in attachment are typically described using two dimensions (secure/insecure, organized/disorganized) subsuming four distinct categories (secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-ambivalent/insecure-resistant, and insecure-disorganized/disoriented). Profound difficulties in forming attachments to others (i.e., reactive attachment disorder [RAD]) are typically reserved for children who have not had any consistently available caregiver (e.g., children growing up in some institutions). Variations in attachment quality are reliably predicted by the caregiver’s pattern of responding to the child’s signals (e.g., sensitivity), with characteristic forms of caregiving believed to be internalized as the child’s internal working models (IWMs, cognitive-affective representations) of self and others, particularly as regards the attachment figure’s availability for protection and support (Bowlby 1973).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2016. p. 1-10
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339492DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1959-1ISBN: 978-3-319-16999-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339492DiVA, id: diva2:1175913
Available from: 2018-01-19 Created: 2018-01-19 Last updated: 2018-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1959-1

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Forslund, Tommie

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