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Hypnos och anestesi, tillbaka till framtiden?: En allmän litteraturöversikt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: The operating environment is scary for many patients. The majority of patients to be operated experience anxiety and fear perioperatively, which gives negative consequences in the anesthesiological process. The nurse anesthetist has a responsibility to personalize anesthesia and create safety. To treat the patient, there are pharmacological methods, such as sedative and analgesic drugs, but also non-pharmacological methods to calm and alleviate. A non-pharmacological method associated with anesthesia is hypnosis.

Purpose: The purpose was to investigate how patients are affected by hypnosis associated with anesthesia.

Method: To answer the purpose, a general literature review was conducted. Searches for scientific articles were made in the PubMed database and 18 articles were selected for quality analysis, 15 items remained for the analysis. Inclusion criteria for the selection were: studies on humans, published in the last 30 years, in English, available in full text through login at University of Uppsala, as well as being "Peer reviewed".

Results: Most studies showed significantly lower estimated pain and anxiety in patients who included hypnosis in the perioperative process, while other studies showed that there is no difference in pain and anxiety. Individual studies showed that pain and anxiety initially increased in the hypnosis group versus the control group, and then decreased faster and remained lower in the hypnosis group. Vomiting and nausea appeared to decrease with hypnosis in some studies while increasing in one study.

Conclusion: The result suggests that hypnosis is a way to reduce pain and anxiety, but more extensive studies are needed to draw well-founded conclusions about hypnosis as an alternative addition to anesthesia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-340240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-340240DiVA, id: diva2:1178139
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot anestesisjukvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-28 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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